Frosinone and the Ciociaria

I am European of Italian origin. I very proud of my origin but, unfortunately, my carrier put me in a orbit that does intersect my country only during the vacation time. In these close encounters, my landing site is Frosinone. When not Italian acquaintance want to know about my Heimat, most of them are puzzled about the name of my hometown Frosinone and its location. Usually, I help them to overcome the comprehensible impasse by giving as reference Rome and telling them that my birthplace is somewhere 80 km in the South of the Caput Mundi.  Last year (2018) my hometown soccer team (Frosinone Calcio, nickenamed Canarini, The Canaries, for their home colours)) moved in the first league (A) of the national soccer championship. So, let see if this success will help to raise its notoriety! In this blog, I won’t write about the success of the Canaries Canarini (although I am proud of that even if I am not such a soccer game fan) but about my hometown and the bucolic place in the central Italy where it is located.

Frosinone is situated in the south of the Lazio region and it is also one of its 5 provinces (together with Roma, Viterbo, Rieti, and Latina). It is in the heart of the Ciociaria a beautyful area of central Italy named after an ancient type of footwear called Ciocia. The old town is situated on the top of a hill 291 meter above sea level.  From its panoramic position, it overlooks the valley of the Sacco river. The following picture was taken from the Belvedere on of the most spectacular panoramic spot in the town.

IMG_7907

The photo shows the new part of the town with his 60-meter tall skyscraper L’Edera in De Mattheis’ Square (the tall black and white building on the right side) that just this year turned 50 years old. In the central part of the figure, there is the commercial area of the town with its “high street” (via Aldo Moro) fitted with shops that can be reached from the Belvedere using a cable lift that arrive just where the photo was taken.  On the right side background, it is visible the pre-Apennines mountain chains that in December are covered by snow.  The mountains on the left side are the called Lepini frames the boundary of the Sacco valley. The Sacco river flows just under the base of Frosinone hill and continues its course in the valley bearing its name between the Lepini and Ernici mountains.

Frosinone was an ancient center of the Volsci Frusino population. They were proud opponents of Rome but the town was then conquered, and it became a Roman municipium in 386 BC. In medieval times it was in the hands of the Byzantines and Lombards and in the 817, the Franks gave it to the Church.

The Coat of Arm of the city of Frosinone (Figure below on the left) was created in the 1928. It show a lion with a the motto Bellator (Frusino (Frosinone the warrior) while in the banner of the coat of arm of the provence of Frosinone (Figure below on the right), the motto is ferocior ad bellandum (the most fierce in fighting). The motto is in honor of the eroic attitude shown by th e inhabitants to contrast the invasion by the Hannibal’s army.

The most important monuments,located in the old part of the city on the top hill (Frosinone alto) are the Church of S. Benedetto (19th century Baroque), the Cathedral (originally Romanesque but it was damage during the war II and rebuilt after the War), and finally the little Church of S. Lucia of Neo-classical style.

The ciociaria is a green region and origianally the traditional agriculture was mainly based on forests and pastures. Over the last fifty years, the population has considerably increased and industry has developed, with aid from the Mezzogiorno Fund and with the construction of the Rome-Naples stretch of motorway. Today there are many factories, mainly sited along the principal roads and railway lines, operating in the engineering, textile, plastics and foodstuff sectors.

In the provincia of Frosinone, there are many historical important town such as Anagni (Museum of Southern Latium), Alatri (Acropolis, folklore festival in August), Ferentino (Acropolis, Romanesque Duomo), Veroli (Abbey Museum).

TO BE CONTINUED

About Danilo Roccatano

I have a Doctorate in chemistry at the University of Roma “La Sapienza”. I led educational and research activities at different universities in Italy, The Netherlands, Germany and now in the UK. I am fascinated by the study of nature with theoretical models and computational. For years, my scientific research is focused on the study of molecular systems of biological interest using the technique of Molecular Dynamics simulation. I have developed a server (the link is in one of my post) for statistical analysis at the amino acid level of the effect of random mutations induced by random mutagenesis methods. I am also very active in the didactic activity in physical chemistry, computational chemistry, and molecular modeling. I have several other interests and hobbies as video/photography, robotics, computer vision, electronics, programming, microscopy, entomology, recreational mathematics and computational linguistics.
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